首页 / 新闻 / 慢性病怎么预防?王柯程教授告诉你:“管住嘴’就是最好的预防。

慢性病怎么预防?王柯程教授告诉你:“管住嘴’就是最好的预防。

健康长寿是人类一直为之奋斗的目标,在生活条件日益改善,物质基础越来越好的今天,反而是越来越多的人患上了高血压、糖尿病、肥胖症等慢性病。而且,患病人群由原来的老年人开始逐渐转向中年人和青年人群体。


肥胖症儿童
根据中国高血压调查(2012~2015年)发现:
中国高血压人口有 1.6 — 1.7 亿人
高血脂的有 1 亿多人
糖尿病患者达到 9240 万人
超重或者肥胖症 7000 万人— 2 亿人
血脂异常的 1.6 亿人
脂肪肝患者 1.2 亿人
中国≥18岁居民慢性病病率为27.9%;

青年人群(18~35岁)慢性病患病率为5.2%,≥75岁居民为59.8%。


总的来说,我国18岁及以上成人患病人数已达2.45亿,换句话说,每6个人中就有一个慢性病患者,并且呈现逐年上升的趋势。


什么会患上慢性病?


而根据《中国居民营养与慢性病状况报告(2015)》的信息显示,慢性病主要成因是过量饮酒、身体活动不足和高盐、高脂等不健康饮食。

通俗的说,就是我们的生活水平上去了,吃的东西越来越多,也越来越好,但就是没有吃的越来越健康,高油,高盐,高胆固醇的食物,以及不健康的饮食方式最终导致了慢性病的发生。


例如生活中常见的肥胖症也是慢性病的一种,许多人认为肥胖只是身材走形,但实际上给身体的健康带来了极大的威胁。
肥胖症患者并发冠心病、高血压的几率明显高于非肥胖者,其发生率一般5~10倍于非肥胖者,尤其腰围粗(男性>90cm,女性>85cm)的中心型肥胖患者。肥胖患者猝死发生率明显升高,高血压在肥胖患者中也是常见。


怎样才能防治慢性病呢?


王柯程教授这样说到:“慢性病预防其实并不困难,只需要管住嘴,迈开腿,保持良好的生活习惯,慢性病预治自然就能收到效果。”
中国古语说过:病从口入,首先要管住嘴,在预防慢性病方面,饮食健康几乎占据了大半江山,吃什么?怎么吃?如何健康的去吃?这些都是防止慢性病的关键隐私。
合理膳食


根据目前我国人群的膳食特点,保持合理膳食的关键应做到:少吃一两口,多动十五分;粮食七八两,油脂减两成;蔬菜八两好,奶豆天天有;持之以恒做,健康体重得。
具体讲,合理膳食就是要把”饮”和”食”做好。
“饮”要在每天至少喝6杯白开水之外,多喝绿茶、豆浆、酸奶、骨头汤和蘑菇汤等,尤其尽量不饮酒,即使饮酒也一定不要过量。


“食”则主食要多吃谷类,要讲究粗细搭配,多吃玉米、荞麦、薯类、燕麦和小米等粗粮,少吃大米、白面等。
此外,菜要荤素搭配,多吃蔬菜水果、大豆及豆腐等豆制品,以及胡萝卜、南瓜、苦瓜、西红柿、大蒜、黑木耳等,鱼虾、禽、蛋和瘦肉要适量,尽量少油少盐。
吃东西不要过量,就像古话说的”吃要七成饱,最多八成饱,多了就不好”。总之,膳食要有粗有细,不甜不咸,合理搭配,七八分饱。


王柯程教授、北京中医药大学硕士,营养学专家、内分泌专家,从事营养学研究和慢性病防治多年,具有扎实的理论知识和丰富的实践经验,并培养了多位营养师,并在营养学与慢性病防治领域取得了不俗的成果。

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